Tan Huihui, L. J. Zhang, M. Chu, T. W. Wu, B. Qiu, J. L. Li, 2015: An analysis of simulated global sea ice extent, thickness, and causes of error with the BCC_CSM model. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 39(1):1-13 (in Chinese)

Qiu Bo, L. J. Zhang, M. Chu, T. W. Wu, H. H. Tan, 2015: Performance analysis of Arctic sea ice simulation in climate system models. Chinese J. Polar Res., 27(1): 47-55 (in Chinese)

Jie, W., T. Wu, J. Wang, W. Li and T. Polivka, 2015: Using a Deterministic Time-Lagged Ensemble Forecast with a Probabilistic Threshold for Improving 6-15 Day Summer Precipitation Prediction in China, Atmos. Res., In press. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2015.01.004

Jie, W., T. Wu, J. Wang, W. Li and X. Liu, 2014: The improvement of 6-15 Day Precipitation Forecast Using a Time-Lagged Ensemble Method., Adv. Atmos. Sci. 13, 1-12. doi:10.1007/s00376-013-3037-8.

Liu Xiangwen, T. Wu, S. Yang, W. Jie, S. Nie, Q. Li, Y. Cheng, X. Liang, 2015: Performance of the seasonal forecasting of the Asian summer monsoon by BCC_CSM1.1(m). Adv. Atmos. Sci.. Doi: 10.1007/s00376-015-4194-8

Nie, S., Luo, Y., Wu, T., Shi, X., & Wang, Z., 2015: A merging scheme for constructing daily precipitation analyses based on objective bias‐correction and error estimation techniques. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(17), 8671-8692.

Liu Xiangwen, Song Yang, Jianglong Li, Weihua Jie, Liang Huang, Weizong Gu, 2015: Subseasonal predictions of regional summer monsoon rainfalls over tropical Asian oceans and land. Journal of Climate, doi:



 Wu Tongwen, L. Song, W. Li, Z. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Xin, Y. Zhang, L. Zhang, J. Li, F. Wu, Y. Liu, F. Zhang, X. Shi, M. Chu, J. Zhang, Y. Fang, F. Wang, Y. Lu, X. Liu, M. Wei, Q. Liu, W. Zhou, M. Dong, Q. Zhao, J. Ji, L. Li, M. Zhou, 2014: An overview of BCC climate system model development and application for climate change studies. J. Meteor. Res., 28(1), 34-56

 Jie Weihua, T. Wu, J. Wang, W. Li, X. Liu, 2014: Improvement of 6–15 day precipitation forecasts using a time-lagged ensemble method. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 31(2), 293–304, doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3037-8. 

Liu, Xiangwen, T. Wu, S. Yang, Q. Li, Y. Cheng, X. Liang, Y. Fang, W. Jie, S. Nie, 2014: Relationships between interannual and intraseasonal variations of the Asian - Western Pacific summer monsoon hindcasted by the BCC_CSM1.1(m). Adv. Atmos. Sci., 31, 1051–1064.

 Zhang, Jie, Xue, W., Zhang, M.H., Li, H.M., Zhang, T., Li, L.J., Xin, X.G., 2014: Climate impacts of stochastic atmospheric perturbations on the ocean. Int. J. Climatol., 34(15), doi: 10.1002/joc.3949.

 Xin Xiaoge, Xue, W., Zhang, M.H., Li, H.M., Zhang, T., Zhang, J., 2014: How much of the NAO monthly variability is from ocean–atmospheric coupling: results from an interactive ensemble climate model. Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-014-2246-x.

 Xiangwen Liu, Song Yang, Qiaoping Li, et al.,2014: Subseasonal forecast skills of global summer monsoons in the NCEP Climate Forecast System version 2. Climate Dynamics, Climate Dynamics , 42:1487–1508,DOI 10.1007/s00382-013-1831-8

 Xiangwen, T. Wu, S. Yang, Q. Li, Y. Cheng, X. Liang, Y. Fang, W. Jie, S. Nie, 2014: Relationships between interannual and intraseasonal variations of the Asian - western Pacific summer monsoon hindcasted by BCC_CSM1.1(m). Adv. Atmos. Sci., 31 (5): 1051-1064. Doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-3192-6

 Chen Ajiao, Li Weiping, Li Weijing, Liu Xin, 2014: An observational study of snow aging and the seasonal variation of snow albedo by using data from Col de Porte, France, Chinese Science Bulletin, 59(34), 4881-4889.

 Ren Rongcai, Wu Guoxiong, Cai Ming, Sun Shuyue, Liu Xin, Li Weiping, 2014, Progress in research of stratosphere troposphere interactions, J. Meteoro. Res., 28(5), 714-731.

 Fang Wang, Song Yang, Wayne Higgins, Qiaoping Li, et al. 2014: Long-term changes in total and extreme precipitation over China and the United States and their links to oceanic–atmospheric features. Int. J. Climatol., 34: 286–302, DOI: 10.1002/joc.3685

 Fang Wang, X. G. Xin, Z. Z. Wang, Y. J. Cheng, J. Zhang, and S. Yang. 2014: Evaluation of cloud vertical structure simulated by recent BCC_AGCM versions through comparison with CALIPSO-GOCCP data. Adv. Atmos. Sci, 31(3): 721-733

 Zhang, H., Jing, X. and Li, J. ,2014: Application and evaluation of a new radiation code under McICA scheme in BCC_AGCM2.0.1. Geosci. Model Dev., 7, 737–754,.



Wu Tongwen, Weiping Li, Jinjun Ji, Xiaoge Xin, Laurent Li, Zaizhi Wang, Yanwu Zhang, Jianglong Li, Fang Zhang, Min Wei, Xueli Shi, Fanghua Wu, Li Zhang, Min Chu, Weihua Jie, Yiming Liu, Fang Wang, Xiangwen Liu, Qiaoping Li, Min Dong, Qianxia Liu, Jie Zhang, 2013: Global carbon budgets simulated by the Beijing climate center climate system model for the last century. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 4326-4347. doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50320

Xin Xiaoge, Tongwen Wu, Jianglong Li, Zaizhi Wang, Weiping Li, Fanghua Wu, 2013: How well dose BCC_CSM1.1 reproduce the 20th century climate change over China? Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters,6, 21-26. (PDF)

Zhang Yi, Wang Zaizhi, Yu Rucong, 2013: Analysis of the biases in the cloud radiative feature simulations over eastern China as done by the BCC_AGCM2.1, Acta Meteo. Sinica, 70(6):1260-1275. (in Chinese) (PDF)

Xin Xiaoge, T. Wu, J. Zhang, 2013: Introduction of CMIP5 experiments carried out with the climate system models of Beijing Climate Center. Adv. Clim. Change Res., 4(1), 41-49doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1248.2013.041. (PDF)

Jin X., T. Wu, L. Li, 2013: The quasi-stationary feature of nocturnal precipitation in the Sichuan Basin and the role of the Tibetan Plateau, Climate Dynamics, 41: 977-994. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1521-y.

Xu Yongfu, Y. C. Li, and M. Chu, 2013: A global ocean biogeochemistry general circulation model and its simulations. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 30(3), 922-939.




Wu Tongwen, 2012: A Mass-Flux Cumulus Parameterization Scheme for Large-scale Models: Description and Test with Observations, Clim Dyn, 38:725–744, DOI: 10.1007/ s00382 -011-0995-3. (PDF)

Xiao Chuliang, Yaocun Zhang, 2012: The East Asian upper-level jet streams and associated transient eddy activities simulated by a climate system model BCC_CSM1.1, ACTA METEOROLOGICA SINICA (English version), in press. (Abstract).

Jiang Jonathan H.,Hui Su,Chengxing Zhai,Vincent S. Perun,Anthony Del Genio,Larissa S. Nazarenko,Leo J. Donner,Larry Horowitz, Charles Seman, Jason Cole, Andrew Gettelman, Mark Ringer, Leon Rotstayn, Stephen Jeffrey, Tongwen Wu, Florent Brient, Jean-Louis Dufresne, Hideaki Kawai, Tsuyoshi Koshiro, Masahiro Watanabe, Tristan LÉcuyer, Evgeny M. Volodin, Trond Iversen, Helge Drange, Michel D. S. Mesquita, William G. Read, Joe W. Waters, Baijun Tian, Joao Teixeira, and Graeme L. Stephens, 2012: Evaluation of cloud and water vapor simulations inCMIP5 climate models using NASA “A-Train” satellite observations,J. Geophys. Res., 117, Doi:10.1029/2011JD017237.(PDF)

Xin Xiaoge, Tongwen Wu, Jie Zhang, 2012: Introduction of CMIP5 experiments carried out by BCC climate system model. Advances in Climate Change Research (in Chinese), 8(5):378-382. (PDF)

Xin Xiaoge, Yanjie Cheng, Fang Wang, Tongwen Wu, Jie Zhang 2012: Asymmetry of Surface Climate Change in RCP2.6 Projected by Multiple CMIP5 Models. Advances in Atmospheric Sceinces, 2013, 30, 3, 796-805. (Abstract)

Fanghua Wu, Pengfei Lin and Hailong Liu, 2012: Influence of a Southern Shift of the ITCZ in Quick Scatterometer on the Pacific North Equatorial Countercurrent, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 29 (6),1292-1304, doi: 10.1007/s00376 -012-1149-1. (PDF)

Dong Min, Wu Tongwen, Wang Zaizhi, Cheng Yanjie and Zhang Fang,2012: A simulation study on the extreme temperature events of the 20th century by using the BCC_AGCM. Acta Meteor. Sinica. 26(4), 489-506,doi: 10.1007/s13351-012-0408-5.(PDF)

Dong Min, Wu Tongwen, Wang Zaizhi, Xin Xiaoge, and Zhang Fang, 2012: Simulation of 20 Centrury precipitation and its variability by Climate system model (BCC_CSM1), Journal of Applied Meteorological Science. (in Chinese) (Abstract)

Gao Feng, Xin Xiaoge, Wu Tongwen, 2012: Analysis study of global and regional temperature on the decadal time scale. Chinese Journal of Atmos. Sci. (in Chinese)(PDF)

Zhang Li, Wu Tongwen, Xin Xiaoge, Dong Min, and Wang Zaizhi, 2012: Projections of 21 centrury global and China regional annual mean temperature and precipitation variability by the BCC_CSM1.0 model. ACTA METEOROLOGICA SINICA, (in Chinese) (Abstract)

Xin Xiaoge, Li Zhang, Zhang J., Wu. T., and Fang, Y., 2012. Climate change projections over East Asia with BCC_CSM1.1 under RCP scenarios. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. 2012: submitted.



Chen Haoming, Rucong Yu, Jian Li, Xiaoge Xin, Zaizhi Wang, Tongwen Wu, 2011: The coherent interdecadal changes of East Asia climate in mid-summer simulated by BCC_AGCM 2.0.1, Clim Dyn, DOI 10.1007/s00382-011-1154-6 (published online first). (full text)

Zhang Hua, Zhili Wang, Zaizhi Wang, Qianxia Liu, Sunling Gong, Xiaoye Zhang, Zhongping Shen, Peng Lu, Xiaodong Wei, Huizheng Che and Laurent Li Z., 2011: Simulation of direct radiative forcing of aerosols and their effects on East Asian climate using an interactive AGCM-aerosol coupled system, Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/ s00382-011-1131-0 (full text)

Zhang Li, Min Dong, Tongwen Wu. 2011:Changes in precipitation extremes over Eastern China simulated by the Beijing Climate Center Climate System Model (BCC_CSM1.0). Climate Research, 50, 227-245. (full text)

Chen Haishan, Shi si and Zhou jing, 2011: Evaluation of recent 50 years extreme climate events over China simulated by Beijing Climate Center (BCC) climate model. Transactions of Atmospheric Sciences, 34(5):513-528. (in chinese) (full text)

Guo Zhun, Wu Chunqiang, Zhou Tianjun, and Wu Tongwen, 2011: A comparison of cloud radiative forcings simulated by LASG/IAP and BCC Atmospheric general circulation models. Chinese Journal of Atmos. Sci., 35(4):739-752 (in chinese) (full text)

Shen Zhen, Zhang Yaocun, Xiao Hui, and Zhou Xiaoping, 2011: Ability of the model BCC_AGCM2.0.1 to reproduce Meiyu precipitation. Meteorological Monthly, 37(11): 1336-1342. (in chinese) (full text)  



Wu Tongwen, Rucong Yu, Fang Zhang, Zaizhi Wang, Min Dong, Lanning Wang, Xia Jin, Deliang Chen, Laurent Li , 2010: The Beijing Climate Center atmospheric general circulation model: description and its performance for the present-day climate, Clim Dyn, 34, 123-147, DOI 10.1007/s00382-008-0487-2. (PDF; full text) 

Dong Min, Wu Tongwen, Wang Zaizhi, Zhang Fang, 2010: 8. Simulations of the tropical intraseasonal oscillation by the atmospheric general circulation model of the Beijing Climate Center, Acta Meteor. Sinica, 24(5), 1-23. (full text)

Jie Weihua, Wu Tongwen, 2010: Hindcast for the 1998 Summer Heavy Precipitation in the Yangtze and Huaihe River Valley Using BCC_AGCM2.0.1 Model. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sci., 34(5), 962-978. (in chinese) (full text)

Jiang Ying, Luo Yong, Zhao Zongci, 2010: Projection of Wind Speed Changes in China in the 21st Century by Climate Models. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sci., 34 (2): 323-336. (in chinese) (full text)



Dong Min,Wu TongWen, Wang Zaizhi, and Zhang Fang, 2009: Simulations of the tropical intraseasonal oscillations by the AGCM of the Beijing Climate Center. Acta Meteo. Sinica, 67(6): 912- 922. (in chinese) (full text)

Xin Xiaoge, Wu Tongwen, Wang Zaizhi, 2009: Numerical simulation of climate change in 21 century under two different mitigation scenarios. Acta Meteo. Sinica, 67(6): 935-946. (in chinese) (full text)

Wang Lu, Zhou Tianjun, Wu Tongwen, and WU Bo, 2009: Simulation of the leading mode of Asian-Australian monsoon interannual cariability with the Beijing Climate Center atmospheric general circulation model. Acta Meteo. Sinica, 67(6):973-982. (in chinese) (full text)

Jiang Ying, Luo Yong, Zhao Zongci, 2009: Evaluation of wind speeds in China as simulated by global climate models. Acta Meteo. Sinica, 67(6), 923-934. (in chinese)(full text)

Li Weiping, Liu Xin, Nie Suping, Guo Xiaojin and Shi Xueli, 2009: Comparative studies of snow cover parameterization schemes used in climate models. Advances In Earth Sci. 24(5), 512-522. (in chinese) (full text)  



Wu Tongwen, Rucong Yu, and Fang Zhang, 2008: A modified dynamic framework for atmospheric spectral model and its application, J. Atmos.Sci., 65, 2235-2253. (full text)


CMIP Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 

Publications analyzing model: BCC-CSM1.1-m:

Publications analyzing model: BCC-CSM1.1: 


Publications that include BCC model experiments:

Benjamin D. Santer et al. Identifying human influences on atmospheric temperature,2012, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,

 Gao Y., T. Wu, B. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Liu, 2013: A numerical simulation of microphysical structure of cloud associated with the 2008 winter freezing rain over southern China, J. Met. Soc. of Japan, 91(2), 101-117, DOI:10.2151/jmsj.2013-202.

 Qu W., J. Wang, S. Gao, and T. Wu, 2013: Effect of the strengthened western Pacific subtropical high on summer visibility decrease over eastern China since 1973, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 7142–7156, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50535.

Lu Y., M. Zhou, T. Wu, 2013: Validation of parameterizations for the surface turbulent fluxes over sea ice with CHINARE 2010 and SHEBA data, Polar Research, 32, 20818,

Mora C., C.-L.Wei, A. Rollo, T. Amaro, A.R. Baco, D. Billett, L. Bopp, Q. Chen, M.Collier, R. Danovaro, A.J. Gooday, B.M. Grupe, P.R. Halloran, J. Ingels, D.O.B. Jones, L.A.Levin, H.Nakano, K.Norling, E.Ramirez-Llodra, M.Rex, H.A. Ruh, C.R. Smith, A.K. Sweetman, A.R.Thurber, J. F. Tjiputra, P. Usseglio, L.Watling, T. Wu, M. Yasuhara, 2013: Biotic and human vulnerability to projected ocean biogeochemistry change over the 21st century, PLoS Biol 11(10): e1001682. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001682

Xin X., L. Zhang, J. Zhang, T. Wu, Y. Fang, 2013: Climate change projections over East Asia With BCC_CSM1.1 climate model under RCP scenarios, J. Met. Soc. of Japan, 91, 4413-429.

 Huang A., Y. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Wu, D. Huang, Y. Zhou, Y. Zhao, Y. Huang, X. Kuang, L. Zhang, Y. Fang, Y. Guo, 2013: Extended range simulations of the extreme snow storms over southern China in early 2008 with the BCC_AGCM2.1 model, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 8253–8273, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50638.

Arora V., G. Boer, P. Friedlingstein, M. Eby, C. Jones, J. Christian, G. Bonan, L.Bopp, V. Brovkin, P. Cadule, T. Hajima, T. Ilyina, K. Lindsay, J. Tjiputra, T.Wu, 2013: Carbon-concentration and carbon-climate feedbacks in CMIP5 Earth system models. J. Climate, 26, 5289–5314.

Su H., J. H. Jiang, C. Zhai, V.S. Perun, J.T. Shen, A.D. Genio, L.S. Nazarenko, L.J. Donner, L.Horowitz, C. Seman, C.Morcrette, J.Petch, M. Ringer, J. Cole, M. D. S. Mesquita, T.Iversen, J.E. Kristjansson, A.Gettelman, L.Rotstayn, S.Jeffrey, J.-L. Dufresne, M.Watanabe, H. Kawai, T. Koshiro, T. Wu, E.M. Volodin, T.L’Ecuyer, J. Teixeira, G.L. Stephens, 2013: Diagnosis of Regime-dependent Cloud Simulation Errors in CMIP5 Models Using “A-Train” Satellite Observations and Reanalysis Data, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 2762–2780, doi:10.1029/2012JD018575.

Xin X., Y. Cheng, F. Wang, T. Wu, J. Zhang, 2013: Asymmetry of surface climate change under RCP2.6 projections from the CMIP5 models. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 30(3), 796-805, doi:10.1007/s00376-012-2151-3.

Bao Q., P. Lin, T. Zhou, Y. Liu, Y. Yu, G. Wu, B. He, J. HeL. Li, J. Li, Y. Li, H. Liu, F. Qiao, Z. Song, . Wang, J. Wang, P. Wang, X. Wang, Z. Wang, B. Wu, T. Wu, Y. Xu, H. Yu, W. Zhao, W. Zheng, L. Zhou, 2013: The Flexible Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System model, Spectral Version 2: FGOALS-s2. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 30(3), 561–576, doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-2113-9


Jing X., Zhang H., Li J., et al., 2015: Cloud Overlapping parameter Obtained from CloudSat/CALIPSO Dataset and Its Application in AGCM with McICA Scheme. Atmospheric Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2015.11.007.